Straighten the Problem Up: Types of Malocclusion

Dental ProblemIn the dental parlance, malocclusion refers to misalignment of the teeth or their problematic positioning in the arches. It involves the jaws, as well. Malocclusion is one dental problem that does not only affect the aesthetic form of the teeth, but also the function. In more serious cases, it sometimes leads to other health complications.

Edinburgh Dental Specialists said, “Straight teeth are easier to keep clean, so both your teeth and gums will be healthier for longer.” Malocclusion, however, causes crowding and spacing problems, thus making teeth cleaning and doing away with bacteria difficult. It may cause palate problems, occasional pains in the head and neck.

Overjet

People with two large front teeth usually have overjet. In this case, the two front teeth in the upper arch are pushed outward. This setup is usually facilitated by oral habits, such as sucking. Such habits alter the shape of the oral mouth, which then causes the two front teeth to shift outward.

Overbite

An overbite is a case where the upper arch has shifted too forward that it almost covers your entire lower bite. In this case, you run the risk of hurting your palate, as the lower teeth is positioned to touch the roof of the mouth.

Open Bite

In this case, the front teeth in the upper and lower arches are both forced outward. When this happens, the teeth from both sides do not touch each other. Open bites often cause lisps and other speaking difficulties.

Underbite

It is the opposite of the overbite or overjet. In this case, the lower jaw protrudes upward or outward. Like the other cases, it may cause dental pains and wear the tooth enamel.

Crossbite

If you have a crossbite, your upper teeth fit awkwardly into the lower teeth. It is known to induce bone loss, make chewing difficult and cause gum diseases.

Genetics, poor oral habits and accidents are only some of the roots of malocclusion. If you believe that your bite problem is similar to what is described above, be sure to consult a dentist.